Lake Baykal


Lake Baykal
   Located in southern Siberia, Lake Baykal is the world’s oldest, deepest, and largest freshwater lake by volume. The 600-kilometer-long and 1,740-meter-deep lake is shared by Buryatiya on its eastern shore and Irkutsk Oblast on its western shore; it has a surface area of 31,500 square kilometers. A body of water with religious significance to the indigenous Buryats, the lake also attracts visitors from around the world. Known as the “Galapagos of Russia,” Lake Baykal is home to a wide variety of species unique to its ecosystem (including the Baykal Seal), and was declared a UNESCO Heritage Site in 1996. In the early decades of the TransSiberian Railway, cargo and passengers were off-loaded and transported via ferry or, during winter, on sleds across the lake; later rail lines circumvented the lake altogether. International concerns about pollution and waste from nuclear energy have been raised in the past decade, given the fact that the lake possesses 20 percent of the world’s unfrozen freshwater reserves.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Lake Baykal — noun the largest freshwater lake in Asia or Europe and the deepest lake in the world • Syn: ↑Baikal, ↑Lake Baikal, ↑Baykal • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lake • Part Holonyms: ↑Siberia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lake Baykal — geographical name see Baikal, Lake …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Baykal — noun the largest freshwater lake in Asia or Europe and the deepest lake in the world • Syn: ↑Baikal, ↑Lake Baikal, ↑Lake Baykal • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lake • Part Holonyms: ↑Siberia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lake Baikal — noun the largest freshwater lake in Asia or Europe and the deepest lake in the world • Syn: ↑Baikal, ↑Baykal, ↑Lake Baykal • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lake • Part Holonyms: ↑Siberia …   Useful english dictionary

  • lake — lake1 /layk/, n. 1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land. 2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil. 3. (go) jump in the lake, (used as an exclamation of dismissal or impatience.) [bef. 1000; ME lak(e) …   Universalium

  • Lake — /layk/, n. Simon, 1866 1945, U.S. engineer and naval architect. * * * I Relatively large body of slow moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin. Lakes are most abundant in high northern latitudes and in mountain regions, particularly …   Universalium

  • Lake Baikal — Baykal and Baikal redirect here. For other uses, see Baykal (disambiguation). Lake Baikal Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Baykal (disambiguation) — Baykal commonly refers to Lake Baikal in southern Siberia, Russia.Baykal may also refer to:LocationsBelarus*Baykal, Belarus, a village in Vitsebsk VoblastRussia*Baykal, Aurgazinsky District, Republic of Bashkortostan, a village *Baykal,… …   Wikipedia

  • Baykal — [bī käl′] Lake alt. sp. of BAIKAL Lake * * * …   Universalium

  • Baykal — [bī käl′] Lake alt. sp. of BAIKAL Lake …   English World dictionary